Übersetzung im Kontext von „SUPERCHARGED“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: supercharged internal combustion, supercharged engine. supercharged - Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. Stichwörter und Wendungen sowie Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'supercharge' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
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Edit Cast Credited cast: Jonny Bogris Self Vin Diesel Dominic Toretto Luke Evans Shaw Tyrese Gibson Roman Pearce Dwayne Johnson Since the more-powerful Z06 model hasn't yet been revealed, the aftermarket is racing to add power to the C8.
We've seen turbocharged setups for the mid-engine 'Vette, but ProCharger has just revealed the first supercharger option we've seen for the C8.
The Kansas City supercharger company teased a "bolt-on supercharger system" for the C8 Corvette in a video released today. Details are limited, but according to the clip's description, the supercharger kit with intercooler pushes the C8 from hp to over on pump gas.
The company says the blower kit "is just around the corner. Water-cooled models use engine coolant to keep lubricating oil cooler, avoiding possible oil coking destructive distillation of engine oil from the extreme heat in the turbine.
The development of air- foil bearings removed this risk. Ball bearings designed to support high speeds and temperatures are sometimes used instead of fluid bearings to support the turbine shaft.
This helps the turbocharger accelerate more quickly and reduces turbo lag. When the pressure of the engine's intake air is increased, its temperature also increases.
This occurrence can be explained through Gay-Lussac's law , stating that the pressure of a given amount of gas held at constant volume is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature.
In addition, heat soak from the hot exhaust gases spinning the turbine will also heat the intake air. The warmer the intake air, the less dense, and the less oxygen available for the combustion event, which reduces volumetric efficiency.
Not only does excessive intake-air temperature reduce efficiency, it also leads to engine knock, or detonation , which is destructive to engines. To compensate for the increase in temperature, turbocharger units often make use of an intercooler between successive stages of boost to cool down the intake air.
A charge air cooler is an air cooler between the boost stage s and the appliance that consumes the boosted air. There are two areas on which intercoolers are commonly mounted.
It can be either mounted on top, parallel to the engine, or mounted near the lower front of the vehicle. Top-mount intercoolers setups will result in a decrease in turbo lag, due in part by the location of the intercooler being much closer to the turbocharger outlet and throttle body.
This closer proximity reduces the time it takes for air to travel through the system, producing power sooner, compared to that of a front-mount intercooler which has more distance for the air to travel to reach the outlet and throttle.
Front-mount intercoolers can have the potential to give better cooling compared to that of a top-mount. The area in which a top-mounted intercooler is located, is near one of the hottest areas of a car, right above the engine.
This is why most manufacturers include large hood scoops to help feed air to the intercooler while the car is moving, but while idle, the hood scoop provides little to no benefit.
Even while moving, when the atmospheric temperatures begin to rise, top-mount intercoolers tend to underperform compared to front-mount intercoolers.
With more distance to travel, the air circulated through a front-mount intercooler may have more time to cool.
Adding the mixture to intake of the turbocharged engines decreased operating temperatures and increased horse power. Turbocharged engines today run high boost and high engine temperatures to match.
When injecting the mixture into the intake stream, the air is cooled as the liquids evaporate. Inside the combustion chamber it slows the flame, acting similar to higher octane fuel.
In addition to the use of intercoolers, it is common practice to add extra fuel to the intake air known as "running an engine rich" for the sole purpose of cooling.
The amount of extra fuel varies, but typically reduces the air-fuel ratio to between 11 and 13, instead of the stoichiometric The extra fuel is not burned as there is insufficient oxygen to complete the chemical reaction , instead it undergoes a phase change from atomized liquid to gas.
This phase change absorbs heat, and the added mass of the extra fuel reduces the average thermal energy of the charge and exhaust gas. Even when a catalytic converter is used, the practice of running an engine rich increases exhaust emissions.
A wastegate regulates the exhaust gas flow that enters the exhaust-side driving turbine and therefore the air intake into the manifold and the degree of boosting.
It can be controlled by a boost pressure assisted, generally vacuum hose attachment point diaphragm for vacuum and positive pressure to return commonly oil contaminated waste to the emissions system to force the spring-loaded diaphragm to stay closed until the overboost point is sensed by the ecu or a solenoid operated by the engine's electronic control unit or a boost controller.
Turbocharged engines operating at wide open throttle and high rpm require a large volume of air to flow between the turbocharger and the inlet of the engine.
When the throttle is closed, compressed air flows to the throttle valve without an exit i. In this situation, the surge can raise the pressure of the air to a level that can cause damage.
This is because if the pressure rises high enough, a compressor stall occurs—stored pressurized air decompresses backward across the impeller and out the inlet.
The reverse flow back across the turbocharger makes the turbine shaft reduce in speed more quickly than it would naturally, possibly damaging the turbocharger.
To prevent this from happening, a valve is fitted between the turbocharger and inlet, which vents off the excess air pressure. These are known as an anti-surge, diverter, bypass, turbo-relief valve, blow-off valve BOV , or dump valve.
It is a pressure relief valve , and is normally operated by the vacuum from the intake manifold. The primary use of this valve is to maintain the spinning of the turbocharger at a high speed.
The air is usually recycled back into the turbocharger inlet diverter or bypass valves , but can also be vented to the atmosphere blow off valve.
Recycling back into the turbocharger inlet is required on an engine that uses a mass-airflow fuel injection system, because dumping the excessive air overboard downstream of the mass airflow sensor causes an excessively rich fuel mixture—because the mass-airflow sensor has already accounted for the extra air that is no longer being used.
Valves that recycle the air also shorten the time needed to re-spool the turbocharger after sudden engine deceleration, since load on the turbocharger when the valve is active is much lower than if the air charge vents to atmosphere.
A free floating turbocharger is the simplest type of turbocharger. Free floating turbochargers produce more horsepower because they have less backpressure, but are not driveable in performance applications without an external wastegate.
Also in , Chevrolet introduced a special run of turbocharged Corvairs , initially called the Monza Spyder — and later renamed the Corsa — , which mounted a turbocharger to its air cooled flat six cylinder engine.
Today, turbocharging is common on both diesel and petrol-powered cars. Turbocharging can increase power output for a given capacity  or increase fuel efficiency by allowing a smaller displacement engine.
The first production turbocharger diesel passenger car was the Garrett-turbocharged  Mercedes SD introduced in The Audi R10 with a diesel engine even won the 24 hours race of Le Mans in , and Since then, few turbocharged motorcycles have been produced.
This is partially due to an abundance of larger displacement, naturally aspirated engines being available that offer the torque and power benefits of a smaller displacement engine with turbocharger, but do return more linear power characteristics.
A natural use of the turbocharger—and its earliest known use for any internal combustion engine, starting with experimental installations in the s—is with aircraft engines.
As an aircraft climbs to higher altitudes the pressure of the surrounding air quickly falls off. However, since the charge in the cylinders is pushed in by this air pressure, the engine normally produces only half-power at full throttle at this altitude.
Pilots would like to take advantage of the low drag at high altitudes to go faster, but a naturally aspirated engine does not produce enough power at the same altitude to do so.
The table below is used to demonstrate the wide range of conditions experienced. As seen in the table below, there is significant scope for forced induction to compensate for lower density environments.
A turbocharger remedies this problem by compressing the air back to sea-level pressures turbo-normalizing , or even much higher turbo-charging , in order to produce rated power at high altitude.
Since the size of the turbocharger is chosen to produce a given amount of pressure at high altitude, the turbocharger is oversized for low altitude.
The speed of the turbocharger is controlled by a wastegate. Early systems used a fixed wastegate, resulting in a turbocharger that functioned much like a supercharger.
Later systems utilized an adjustable wastegate, controlled either manually by the pilot or by an automatic hydraulic or electric system. When the aircraft is at low altitude the wastegate is usually fully open, venting all the exhaust gases overboard.
As the aircraft climbs and the air density drops, the wastegate must continuously close in small increments to maintain full power.
The altitude at which the wastegate fully closes and the engine still produces full power is the critical altitude. When the aircraft climbs above the critical altitude, engine power output decreases as altitude increases, just as it would in a naturally aspirated engine.
With older supercharged aircraft without Automatic Boost Control, the pilot must continually adjust the throttle to maintain the required manifold pressure during ascent or descent.
The pilot must also take care to avoid over-boosting the engine and causing damage. In contrast, modern turbocharger systems use an automatic wastegate, which controls the manifold pressure within parameters preset by the manufacturer.
For these systems, as long as the control system is working properly and the pilot's control commands are smooth and deliberate, a turbocharger cannot over-boost the engine and damage it.
Yet the majority of World War II engines used superchargers, because they maintained three significant manufacturing advantages over turbochargers, which were larger, involved extra piping, and required exotic high-temperature materials in the turbine and pre-turbine section of the exhaust system.
The size of the piping alone is a serious issue; American fighters Vought F4U and Republic P used the same engine, but the huge barrel-like fuselage of the latter was, in part, needed to hold the piping to and from the turbocharger in the rear of the plane.
Turbocharged piston engines are also subject to many of the same operating restrictions as gas turbine engines. Pilots must make smooth, slow throttle adjustments to avoid overshooting their target manifold pressure.
In systems using a manually operated wastegate, the pilot must be careful not to exceed the turbocharger's maximum rpm.super·charged [ˈsu:pətʃɑ:ʤd, Am -ɚtʃɑ:r-] ADJ. 1. supercharged (more powerful): supercharged car. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "supercharged engine" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung für 'supercharged' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für supercharged im Online-Wörterbuch lategreatliners.com (Deutschwörterbuch).